5 Curriculum Areas
Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math, and Cultural
The Practical area allows the child to work with materials that enhance his or her fine motor skills and self help skills. The jobs prepared for the children promote confidence, coordination, concentration, order and independence.
The Sensorial area assists the child to educate his senses namely: visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory and gustatory. This area prepares the child for academic learning like Math and Language. The children learn best when they engage in hands on activities. Children need to move freely in their environment to investigate whatever interests them.
The Language area prepares the child for a more formal learning of writing, reading and penmanship. Children have a natural ability to learn language skills. The child’s own tools for language are vision, hearing, and speech as well as the sensorimotor skills necessary for writing and reading. The child is exposed to many materials and activities which will support, develop and refine vision, hearing, and speech.
The Math area prepares the child for the concept of numbers and symbols. The Math material help build the basic concept from one to ten not only to memory the natural order of numbers but also to recognize the relationships between quantity and quality.
The Cultural area is composed of Geography, Botany and Zoology. As the children become more familiar with the Montessori materials, they begin to see the elegant philosophy behind how each activity works to build the understanding of the world around them. Matching and tracing activities continue to build the child’s ability to identify and name individual states, countries within continents and continents within a world map. Botany focuses on aspects dealing with Plants, parts of the plant and function of the part of the plant. Zoology focuses on the animals, the fundamental needs of the animal, to understand these needs have to be provided by humans while the animal is in captivity and to learn the physical characteristics of an animal.